Riboflavin Deficiency: Symptoms & Side Efects

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a micronutrient that is easy to digest, is soluble in water, and has a key role in maintaining health in humans. Vitamin B2 is required for a wide variety of cellular processes. Riboflavin deficiency can lead to a person developing the disease, but if excessive, will also experience symptoms of unstable body metabolism. Therefore, to compensate for nutrient intake into the body, including the intake of vitamin B2.


Like the other B vitamins, riboflavin plays an important role in energy metabolism, and is necessary in the metabolism of fats, ketone substances, carbohydrates and proteins. This vitamin is also a role in the formation of red blood cells, antibodies in the body, and in the release of energy from carbohydrate metabolism.
Deficiency of vitamin B2 is usually caused by not consuming enough protein and calories. Chronic disorders, such as recurrent diarrhea, liver disorders, and chronic alcohol drinkers, as well as increase the risk of impaired absorption of vitamin B2 deficiency, as well as hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (blood screening procedures).

Riboflavin deficiency symptoms can vary. The most common symptom is a cut in the corner of the mouth and lips chapped, which can leave scarring. Fungal infections can occur in the mouth (thrush). Colors can be changed into a magenta tongue and the area around the nose and between the nose and lips appear oily spots (seborrheic). Sometimes grow blood vessels into the cornea, causing eye glare. In males there is inflammation in the scrotal skin.

Diseases caused by riboflavin deficiency

Diseases caused is cheilosis (inflamed lips), angular stomatitis (mouth corner broke), glossitis (slippery tongue purple), and can result in babies born cleft and growth disorders. Diseases of the lip is indeed painful and disturbing because when you open your mouth to eat or drink, inflammation and wound chapped will be felt sore. The reason is not only deficient in vitamin B2. Could be due to bacteria, viruses, fungi, wear dentures, the use of cosmetics for women, until the person with HIV. While the angular stomatitis similar to previous disease. Where the presence of inflammation in the corners of the mouth. Other causes by accumulation of saliva and sometimes the presence of yeast as a result of fungal infection in the oral cavity. Even small ulcers can also trigger the onset of this disease.
Prevention and treatment
Prevention and treatment of ariboflavinosis can be done by eating foods such as milk, eggs, vegetables and meat (fish and poultry). If the body is very deficient in vitamin B2 marked a disease on the body, it’s better to go to hospital. Because usually expedited treatment is surgery (for eye diseases such as cataracts) is then given vitamin B2 as self-recovery.

For daily consumption required amount of vitamin B2 0.6 mg for infants. While 1-2 mg for children and 2-3 mg for adults. If the above disease, vitamin B2 can be given 10 mg / day for the next few weeks. To meet daily needs, we can consume from vitamin B2 (riboflavin) foods or supplement under doctor’s instruction.

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