Illness Myocarditis, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Myocarditis disease is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle which is located in the middle layer of the heart wall (myocardium). In the course of the disease, myocarditis disease may be acute, subacute, or chronic.

The cause of the disease myocarditis

The cause of the disease myocarditis is usually caused by a variety of bacterial, viral or fungal infections, rheumatic fever and tuberculosis, allergic reactions, chemicals. According to the specialist heart and blood vessels are many things that can cause disease myocarditis. Following review of the causes of myocarditis:

  • Parasites: The most common cause of congestive heart failure is Chagas disease. The cause of Chagas disease is someone toxoplasma and trypanosome cruzi is transmitted by insects.
  • Bacteria: tick-borne bacterium that causes Lyme disease, staphylococcus aureus, which can also cause infection of the heart valves, and people who suffer from bacterial infections diphtheria had myocarditis.
  • Fungi: fungal infections such as kandidda, aspergillus and other fungi such as Histoplasma myocarditis can cause disease.
  • Viruses: virus causing myocarditis is coxsackievirus B, the flu-like symptoms, parpovirus B19, mononucleosis caused by epstain-barr virus, measles caused by rubella, and adenovirus (causes of the flu).
  • Response hypersensitivity to drugs such as antibiotics and drugs such as cocaine.
  • Chemicals such as hydrocarbons and arsenic
  • Other diseases such as vascular inflammation, lupus, connective tissue disorders.

Symptoms of myocarditis that often arise:

  • Decreased urine output (oliguria)
  • Fatigue, fever
  • Suffering from arrhythmias or abnormal heart rate.
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Pain in the chest
  • Pain in the joints
  • Blown
  • Symptoms in infants and young children tend to be non-specific to general malaise, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, chronic cough.

Some things that can increase the risk of disease myocarditis:

  • Suffering from allergic reactions to medications or certain toxins
  • Is suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Is suffering from Sarcoidosis

Treatment of disease myocarditis

In the treatment of diseases such as myocarditis focuses on the cause of certain infections that may have caused inflammation of the heart. Here are some options in the treatment of myocarditis:

  • Antibiotics
  • Dieuretik
  • Rest Sleep
  • The Artificial Heart
  • Anti Inflammatory Drugs
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme

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