Athetosis is defined as a condition characterized by involuntary slow movements of the fingers, hands, toes and feet and generally caused by a brain injury. Following are the symptoms of athetosis in early childhood.

  • Early feeling difficulties
  • Poor muscle control
  • Delayed development
  • Muscle spasms
  • Lack of coordination

Athetosis can be classified it to these areas according to the parts of the body it acts.

  • Quadriplegia (all four limbs are involved, can also affect the muscles of the face and mouth).
  • Diplegia (all four limbs are involved, but legs more so than arms).
  • Hemiplegia (partial or one side of the body is involved).
  • Paraplegia (both legs, but neither of the arms, are involved).

Treatment is possible in this condition following are the treatment options;

The Gross Motor Function Measure
This is a kind of instrument and developed to measure the gross motor function of children suffering from cerebral palsy. Conduct the GMFM-88 may take about 45 to 60 minutes. The PEDI and GMFMare two evaluations  that support each other when trying to achieve a complete picture in evaluating changes in the kid. The GMFM and the PEDI both are very beneficial and valuable in evaluating functional motor capabilities of children with athetosis. Both methods aim on different manners of functioning and build on basis of different sources of information.

Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory
It is an equipment, which is used for evaluating function in children having disability. The PEDI is an inquisition equipment used by someone comfortable with the kid and concentrates on movability and self care in daily life. The PEDI calculates both functional attainment and potential in three frames;

  • Self-care
  • Social function
  • Mobility

Selective Control Evaluation
This test evaluates selective joint control of individual joints, depend on the reasoning that control of joints is the basis of movement, and intentional movement is the basis of different functions.

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