Treatment options of anemia depends on the type and cause and severity of the disease.
Iron deficiency anemiaThis is a kind of anemia and this kind of anemia is treated with some changes in diet and add iron supplements in diet. If the fundamental cause of iron deficiency is the blood loss apart from menstruation the area of the bleeding must be diagnose and stopped. For this surgery may be required.
Vitamin deficiency anemiasThis is a kind of anemia also known as folic acid deficiency anemia. This kind of anemia is treated with folic acid supplements. If the digestive system of the victim has trouble in absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food, doctor may recommend vitamin B-12 injections.
Anemia of chronic diseaseThis is also another type of anemia, but there’s no definite treatment for this type of anemia. Doctors concentrate on treating the fundamental disease. If symptoms turn severe, a blood transfusion or injections of synthetic erythropoietin, a hormone naturally secreted by the kidneys, may help in stimulating red blood cell generation and also comfort fatigue.
Aplastic anemiaThis is another type of anemia and treatment for this anemia usually contains blood transfusions to enhance levels of red blood cells. Victim may need a bone marrow transplant if the bone marrow is infected and unable to make healthy blood cells.
Anemias associated with bone marrow diseaseThis type of anemias are associated with bone marrow. Treatment of these anemias can range from usual medication to chemotherapy to bone marrow transplantation.
Hemolytic anemiasThese are the type of anemia and treatment of the anemias includes preventing from suspected medications, treating related infections and taking drugs that control the immune system, which may be attacking the red blood cells. Short courses of treatment having steroids or immune suppressant drugs can help and restrain the immune system’s attack on the red blood cells. Rely upon the severity of anemia, plasmapheresis, which is a type of blood-filtering procedure or a blood transfusion may be essential.
Sickle cell anemiaSickle cell anemia is a kind of anemia. Treatment for this type anemia may involve the management of oxygen, pain-killing drugs, and oral and intravenous fluids to decrease pain and avoid complications.
Doctors may also suggest folic acid supplements, blood transfusions, and antibiotics. In some circumstances bone marrow transplant may be an effective treatment. A cancer drug named hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea) also used in the treatment of sickle cell anemia.