Amoebiasis or Amebiasis Treatment

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Amoebiasis is defined as a usual infection of the human gastro¬≠intestinal tract. It is distributed all over the world. It is a main health problem in the whole of China, West Asia, South East and Latin America, particularly Mexico.

Worldwide it was approximated that, in 1981, 480 million people sustained E. histolytica in their intestinal tract and about one-tenth of victims people, i.e., 48 million affected from invasive amoebiasis. It is possible that invasive amoebiasis, responsible annually for 40,000 to 110,000 deaths all over the world. Recurrence rates alter from as low as 2 per cent to 60 per cent or more in different areas.

Sometimes amoebiasis exists in contagious forms as a result of high levels of constant reinfection and transmission. Epidemic water born infections can exist if there is high contamination of drinking water. Amoebiasis is a type of gastro and it causes diarrhoea among travellers to progressing countries. It is caused by a parasite named Entamoeba histolytica. Amoebiasis is a parasitic infection occurs in large intestine.

Amoebiasis can act on anyone; most usually it affects young to middle-aged adults. The symptoms of amoebiasis are common. The victim of amoebiasis may be got abdominal cramps, nauseating feeling and fatigue. Some other symptoms include anorexia and intestinal gas.

Common symptoms include lose stools, abdominal softness and pain in abdomen. If Endameba histolytica spread to other internal parts like lungs so it causes severe symptoms. Passage of stool with blood is also included in severe symptom. It can also causes excessive vomiting as severe symptom. Amoebiasis may affect at any age. There is no gender or racial difference in the development of the disease.

Amoebiasis is mostly a household infection. As a singular person in a family is affected while others in the family can also be affected by this. Particular an ntiamoebic antibodies are formed when tissue invasion occur. Amoebiasis takes place when the parasites are taken in by orally. People suffering from amoebiasis have Entamoeba hisolytica parasites in their stools.

The disease can spread when affected people do not dispose of their faeces properly in a sanitary manner or do not clean their hands properly after coming from the toilet. Infected hands can then spread the parasites to food that may be eaten by other people and places that may be contacted by other people. Hands can also become infected when changing the nappies of an infected child. Amoebiasis can also be profuse by:

Faecal-oral route
This can spread by intake of affected water or food. Epidemic water-borne infections can develop if there is high contamination of drinking water supply.

Vectors
Vectors like flies, rodents and cockroaches are capable of carrying cysts and infected food and drink.

Treatment options
Amoebiasis can be treated with metronidazole orally. The dose is 30mg/kg/day, separate into three doses after every meal, for about 8 to 10 days. Tinidazole can also be used alternatively to metronidazole. Doubtful cases of liver abscess should be recommended to the nearest hospital. Asymptomatic infections in an endemic area, the concensus is not to cure such victims because the possibility of reinfection is very high. Usually the doctors prescribed these medicines, Metronidazole, Diloxanide, Furoate, Dehydroemetine, Emetine and Paromomycin.

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